The 5g revolution promises amazing gigabits per second and near instantaneous connectivity. It is expected to have a huge impact on many industries and change the lives of billions of consumers and suppliers around the world. Like every new generation of wireless technology, 5g will greatly improve the speed and quantity of coaxial cable data transmission, but this will have more profound consequences than before.
5g is more than just a mobile phone. It will become an important foundation of Internet of things (IOT) and virtual reality (VR) application development in all walks of life. The new generation telecommunication network must support a large amount of data traffic and ensure ultra-low communication delay to achieve a smooth user experience.
Although the high frequency spectrum for 5g provides significant new capacity and data speed, it also means shorter propagation distance. In high traffic areas such as cities, urban centers and business districts, operators will need a large number of smaller cells with low-power base stations, which will provide the required coverage and capacity. In addition, in order to achieve high user data rate, a multi input multi output (MIMO) system with dozens of antennas is needed to enhance the signal when needed.
To understand the challenges associated with implementing 5g, a typical 4G macro cell will cover an area of about 25 square kilometers. By contrast, 5g may need 20 or more units to cover a square kilometer. In addition, statistics show that 80% of mobile traffic occurs indoors. Given the diverse nature of 5g services, this number is expected to increase to 85%. Therefore, indoor network quality will become the competitive advantage of 5g mobile operators in the future.
As a result, even if 5g is wireless technology, its deployment will involve more fiber-optic and copper connected devices, whether in the wireless access domain or back to the routing and core network infrastructure. In addition, 5g will need more antennas than 4G. That's why the world's continued need for faster, more efficient connectivity requires state-of-the-art wired infrastructure to make 5g possible and break those barriers. When telecommunication operators need to connect microwave antennas to indoor units, they have three kinds of cables to choose from: coaxial cable, optical fiber cable or twisted pair high frequency cable, all of which bring advantages and disadvantages.